nature of revolt of 1857 class 8

(vi) Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion − The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. For this, the sepoys were severely punished. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. The answer to this question lay in Red Fort, in Delhi. Name :- Amit Mishra Causes of 1857 Revolt. Q 2: What did the British do to protect the interests of those who converted to Christianity ? The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. “The Rebellion of 1857” A feeling was developing among most of the Indians that the British were trying to destroy their religion, social customs and traditional way of life. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. After the revolt was suppressed, Bahadur Shah was tried in court and sentenced to life imprisonment. The various kingdoms were forced to disband their armies and enter into a subsidiary alliance with the British. In 1824, when the sepoys were told to go to Burma by the sea route they refused to follow the order. They had not come to settle in India but only to take money home. These 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. Having this symbolic head inspired the rebels to fight the British with renewed confidence, hope and courage. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. The emperor wrote letters to the various chiefs and rulers of the country to come forward and organise a confederacy of Indian states to fight the British. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. After them, the people of various Indian towns and villages also rose up in rebellion and rallied around local leaders, zamindars and chiefs. The Hindus believed that crossing the sea would mean that they would lose their religion and caste. The Company, through various measures, ensured that the dynasty came to an end. On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. 1. So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . After his death, none of his descendants would be recognized as kings. The leadership of the Mughal emperor seemed to provide legitimacy to it. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept Theme: Your email address will not be published. Ever since the Vellore Mutiny, unofficial political committees of soldiers were a regular feature of army life in India. nature of their rule. He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were disbanded. So, they also reacted to what was happening in the countryside. Match the following: This video is from Kriti Educational Videos. Revolt of 1857 was one the most extraordinary event in the history of India. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging them to come forward and support the rebellion. Both Hindus and Muslim sepoys were offended by the introduction of these cartridges. This law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit the property of his ancestors. On the other hand, the staunch patriotic and nationalist Indian writers & historians regard the Revolt of 1857 as the First War of Indian Independence. After 1830, Christian missionaries were allowed to function freely and they could even own land and property. Ultimately, the Company annexed the kingdom as per the Doctrine of Lapse. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Various Aspects of New laws were passed against the practice of sati. The Company also took away their revenues and territories in stages. It started essentially as a sepoy mutiny but was soon joined by the civilians from different classes viz. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. peasants, Zamindars, local rulers etc. A significant mutiny to happen before the 1857 Revolt was the Vellore (Tamil Nadu, South India) Mutiny of 1806 which was brutally crushed by British officers and soldiers. Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests but they failed. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Ans: After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal emperors held only symbolic value. The British took several steps to reform the society. The new law made it mandatory for a sepoy to agree to serve overseas if required. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. However, by the Government of India Actof British Parliament in 1858, this authority was divested from the Board of Control and the East Indian Company and was entrusted to the Secretary of State for India aided by a council. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal dynasty had declined and many smaller power centres had begun asserting their authority. Revolt of 1857 1.The educated middle class in India: Opposed the revolt of 1857 Supported the revolt of 1857 Remained neutral to the revolt of 1857 Fought against native rulers 2. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. Q 7: How did the British succeed in securing the submission of the rebel landowners of Awadh? B. The nature of the 1857 event has become so emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. In consequence of this action, the rebellion spread. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. Discuss the nature of the Uprising/Revolt of 1857. Though Mughals had lost their earlier authority, a Mughal emperor’s word still held importance for quite a number of smaller rulers and chieftains. Most of the sepoys were from rural background. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Impact on the Sepoys The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. This interpretation is not correct. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt Of 1857 Notes. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. Download free printable worksheets Social Science pdf of CBSE and kendriya vidyalaya Schools as per latest syllabus in pdf, CBSE Class 8 SST Worksheet - The Revolt of 1857. Required fields are marked *. Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. A law was also passed to encourage widow remarriage. It was announced that they would be given another place in Delhi as residence. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. Threatened by the expansion of the British rule, many of them felt that if the Mughal emperor could rule again, they too would be able to rule their own territories once more. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. Ans: The new cartridges were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. & Bangladesh rajas was on its plan to bring the Mughal dynasty had declined and smaller. 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