, The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of mainly former British colonies. ", Hardin, Lowell S. 2008. , Although Gandhi continued professing socialist beliefs, the Sixth Five-Year Plan was markedly different from the years of Garibi Hatao.  According to a 2019 Indian news report, indebtedness continues to be a grave issue affecting Punjabi people today, demonstrated by the more than 900 recorded farmer committed suicide in Punjab in the last two years. ", Gandhi's biggest achievement following the 1971 election came in December 1971 with India's decisive victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistani War that occurred in the last two weeks of the Bangladesh Liberation War, which led to the formation of independent Bangladesh. The Green Revolution in India subsequently culminated under her government in the 1970s and transformed the country from a nation heavily reliant on imported grains and prone to famine to being largely able to feed itself, and become successful in achieving its goal of food security. , Under premiership of Congress leader Indira Gandhi, the Green Revolution within India commenced in 1966, leading to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh. [note 1] In the elections held for State assemblies across India in March 1972, the Congress (R) swept to power in most states riding on the post-war "Indira wave". Relations between ASEAN and India were mutually antagonistic. India perceived ASEAN to be linked to the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) and, therefore, it was seen as a pro-American organisation. Further, heavy dependence on few major crops has led to loss of biodiversity of farmers. Answer: (b) Indira Gandhi.  Libya agreed with the Arab monarchies in believing that Gandhi's intervention in East Pakistan was an attack against Islam.  This was denounced as a "despicable act" by China. After the bitter experience with Johnson, Gandhi decided not to request food aid in the future. Her lieutenant, P. V. Narasimha Rao, later became prime minister and approved full diplomatic ties with Israel in 1992. Indira Gandhi led the Congress back to victory in 1980 elections and Gandhi resumed the office of ... that outlined plans for a major revolutionary initiative in the early 1930s.  Only 7.4% (24) of the total 330 biographical extractions posit ideology as a reason for her policy choices. The result was comprehensive victory in the Indo-Pak War. In addition, the government targeted an annual growth rate of 4.4% over the period of the plan. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India.  The men dropped their weapons and surrendered. , Gandhi was taken to the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences at 9:30 AM where doctors operated on her. By November 1967, on her visit to Moscow, the Indian leader signed a declaration calling for an end to “imperialist aggression” against the Vietnamese people.  Gandhi came out of the language conflicts with the strong support of the south Indian populace. Indira Gandhi, the thenPrime Minister of India,released a special stamp entitled'Wheat Revolution' in July 1968. , There is considerable debate whether Gandhi was a socialist on principle or out of political expediency. Indira Gandhi the former Prime Minister of India. By appealing to the economic grievances of developing countries, Gandhi and her successors exercised a moderating influence on the Non-aligned movement, diverting it from some of the Cold War issues that marred the controversial 1979 Havana meeting where Cuban leader Fidel Castro attempted to steer the movement towards the Soviet Union.  The motion to abolish privy purses, and the official recognition of the titles, was originally brought before the Parliament in 1970.  Gandhi thus put herself forward as a leader with a pan-Indian vision. After news of the verdict spread, hundreds of supporters demonstrated outside her house, pledging their loyalty.  Gandhi was unhappy with the lack of support from India's Arab allies during the war with Pakistan, while the Shah was apprehensive at the growing friendship between Pakistan and Arab states of the Persian Gulf, especially Saudi Arabia, and the growing influence of Islam in Pakistani society. " Gandhi spent a great deal of time throughout the 1950s helping to organise women. Als er 1915 nach Indien zurückkehrt, wird er schnell zur Symbolfigur im Kampf der Inder um … Political leadership was vital to solve these problems and Shastri’s successor, Indira Gandhi, bluntly asked Swaminathan that how could India be free of imports. Dr. Dogra extracted bullets to establish the make of the weapons used and to match each weapon with the bullets recovered by ballistic examination.  The government responded by taking steps to liberalise the economy and agreeing to the devaluation of the currency in return for the restoration of foreign aid. However, in May 1976, Gandhi and Bhutto both agreed to reopen diplomatic establishments and normalise relations. November 1917 als Indira Priyadarshini Nehru in Allahabad; 31. , India maintained close ties with neighbouring Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) following the Liberation War.  Measures to check inflation were also taken; by the early 1980s it was under control at an annual rate of about 5%. Gandhi declared the people of Indian origin settled in Africa as "Ambassadors of India". At the beginning of her first term as prime minister, she was widely criticised by the media and the opposition as a "Goongi goodiya" (Hindi for a "dumb doll" or "puppet") of the Congress party bosses who had orchestrated her election and then tried to constrain her. (A) Mahatma Gandhi ADVERTISEMENTS: (B) Indira Gandhi (C) Jawahar Lai Nehru (D) Motilal Nehru 2. According to Mark Tully, "His inexperience did not stop him from using the Draconian powers his mother, Indira Gandhi, had taken to terrorise the administration, setting up what was in effect a police state. She had to make repeated trips to Switzerland to recover, disrupting her studies. In 2010, Oxford honoured her further by selecting her as one of the ten Oxasians, illustrious Asian graduates from the University of Oxford.  She had a lonely and unhappy childhood.  These developments permanently halted India's decline in Africa and helped to reestablish its geo-strategic presence. The increase in food was however, disproportionate.  But, the death of Nasser in 1970 and Sadat's growing friendship with Riyadh, and his mounting differences with Moscow, constrained Egypt to a policy of neutrality. During late 60’s and 70’s, Indira Gandhi nationalized the banks, coal mines and several other Unfortunately, she was not very sagacious when it came to economic policy. The Green Revolution was …  She is also almost singularly associated with the period of Emergency rule and the dark period in Indian Democracy that it entailed. The anti-poverty programs became very popular with the masses, and while being implemented locally, these were funded by the central government. In Punjab, where it was first introduced, the Green Revolution led to significant increases in the state's agricultural output, supporting India’s overall economy. Upon her father's death in 1964, she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting. I have to do a great deal of touring in order to set up the Congress Party Women's Section, and am on numerous important committees. Dr. Dogra stated that Gandhi had sustained as many as 30 bullet wounds, from two sources: a Sten submachine gun and a .38 Special revolver. ", Gandhi felt guilty about her inability to fully devote her time to her children. In that capacity, she was instrumental in getting the Communist led Kerala State Government dismissed in 1959. Dr. M. S. Swaminathan was director of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research at the time of Green Revolution. Now they are out in the field. She was to be interviewed by the British filmmaker Peter Ustinov, who was filming a documentary for Irish television. The phenomena of overall development in wheat farming is still continuing although the pace of progress has slowed down with Green Revolution reaching its mature stage Production, area and yield of wheat reached their zenith in 1999-2000 after which varying trends have been observed (Table 24.5). , Gandhi inherited a tattered economy in her second term; harvest failures and a second oil shock in the late 1970s had caused inflation to rise again. The then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi released this stamp entitled Wheat Revolution on July 17 1968. The Indian government also started considering the possibility of bringing Indians settled in Africa within the framework of its policy goals to help recover its declining geo-strategic influence. , She remains the only woman to occupy the Office of the Prime Minister of India. The easy trade deals also applied to non-military goods. The ambitious cultivators of the Indira Gandhi Canal command area have changed their land use pattern as they instead of pastures are growing rice, cotton and wheat with the help of irrigation. , Her actions in storming the Golden Temple alienated Sikhs for a very long time. To enter England in early 1971, Gandhi intervened directly in the of... `` growth with stability and progressive achievement of self-reliance s Swaminathan turned 93 on August 7, Issue 4... Peter Ustinov, who was filming a documentary for Irish television 's ethnic problems was initially.. And late sixties support of anti-Islamist leftist guerrilla forces in Bangladesh businesses and consumers ) Delhi Belur Math of. Win Arab support in the country, '' he said farming methods planning for an on! Lok Sabha but fell short of the Hindi Belt in the action operation! 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